Whether you’re new to fishing or a frequent recreational angler, the type of fishing reel you use definitely matters. Each reel has distinct features, designed for a specific use or experience.
From their cylindrical shapes, drags, reel handles and reel feet, each type of fishing reel is distinguishable in its appearance. They were invented during the Song Dynasty and have now emerged as newer, more innovative versions of the original design. Read on to find some of the most common types of fishing reels:
Often referred to as a ‘close-faced reel,’ the spincast reel is known to be the easiest to use and the most inexpensive one out there. It features a metal nose cone which hides all the important components of the reel. On the back, it includes a button that serves to function as a push-release feature for decent casting accuracy.
The spincast reel also works on a drag adjustment mechanism. This allows a user to adjust the resistance a fish feels when pulling on the cast line. It is located on the side of the reel or next to the reel handle.
- Ideal for beginners
- Fewer tangles or line twists
- Not as strong and durable as other reels
- Small line capacity
Also known as the ‘open-faced reel,’ the spinning reel is extremely similar to the spincast reel. It is simple to use, but the primary distinction between the two lies within the features of the spinning reel. In contrast with the spincast reel, spinning reels expose all the important components of the reel and functions on a rotating spool. Hence, the name ‘open-faced reel.’
The drag adjustment is included at the top of the reel and comes with a metal bail the purpose of which is to lock the line and prevent it from unspooling. The same bail also guides the line back into the spool within seconds.
Although the small spool size can lead to line twists, the spinning reel is popular due to the added control and ease of use.
- Ideal for light lines and lures
- Strong casting powers
- Line twists due to long distances
Arguably the most advanced type of fishing reel, baitcast reels work on a rod-and-reel combination. They have more cranking power to retrieve larger lures and capture bigger fish. There are two types of baitcast reels:
- Round baitcast reel. This reel type features a larger spool, making it ideal for holding more line. It works well for long distances and catches fish from afar.
- Low-profile baitcast reel. This reel is lightweight and easy to handle. The low-profile versions ease line twists and are more popular than round baitcast reels.
Baitcast reels include two new features; spool tension knobs and a braking system. Both features adjust how fast the line goes out of the reel and can be fixed according to a user’s preferences.
There is also no bail in the baitcast reel. Hence, to stop the line from spooling, you only press your thumb against the spool, allowing an accurate cast.
- Powerful features to handle heavy lines and lures
- Strong drag system to reduce pressure on the rod and lines
- Requires more practice
- Most expensive reels out there
Historically, fly fish reels were designed to keep precision and accuracy in mind. As stated by their name, they feature artificial fly lures that weigh almost nothing. In order to cast the weightless lure, the weight of the fishing line is used instead of the weight of the lure itself.
The fly fish rods are designed using various types of materials such as graphite fiber, fiberglass and bamboo – each of which are unique in their weight, durability and appearance. The lures, which are fishing baits used to attract the attention of the fish, use colors, flash and movement in baiting the fishing. Some of the best lures are equipped with one or more hooks, and are attached to the end of the fishing line.
- Lightweight lures to cast at a distance
- Offer some of the most accurate casting
- Restricted for use with flying fish
- Need extensive experience
Reel ‘Em In!
As you just read, fishing reels come in tons of shapes, sizes and varieties. Each of the four reels discussed above have their own set of features, ‘luring’ you into purchasing them. Once you are familiar with the types of fishing reels, consider a number of factors from your end i.e., your experience level, budget, the weight you’re looking for and most importantly, your fishing location.
If you’re a novice, we recommend starting out with the most inexpensive, light-weight fishing reel. This will help you gain more control and learn as you continue to fish. Start with smaller fish, and then move onto bigger ones once you feel you’re well-trained. Remember, you’re unlikely to catch all the fish in the sea. Start small and slowly reel ‘em in!