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Toothbrushes have come a longer way than we can imagine. From twigs used to remove the food stuck in our teeth, we are now exposed to bristles that clean our teeth thoroughly. We can choose the quality of our toothbrushes such as extra soft, soft, medium and hard. Not only that, but toothbrush companies are also going as far as creating age-appropriate brushes.


As we grow older, our gums and teeth also begin to weaken. Similarly, when we are young, our gums and teeth are only developing, not grown to full capacity and strengthen until a couple of years later. Hence, companies are catering to all age groups and manufacturing brushes for fully grown teeth as well as for worn out extremely weak teeth.


The type of bristles you choose has its pros and cons. Keep in mind that your toothbrush preference is likely to change as you grow older. Hence, you should select your toothbrush type based on your age, teeth growth, and most importantly, the dentist’s recommendation.


We’ve covered each type for you to understand how they are distinct from each other. From extra soft to hard, read on to find out what kind of toothbrush might work for you:


Extra Soft

Even though these types aren’t as visible in drugstore aisles as they were before, extra soft toothbrushes are now categorized as “periodontal toothbrushes” or “sulcus toothbrushes.” They are ideal for those who have gingivitis, gum disease, bleeding gums and periodontitis. Extra soft toothbrushes feature gentle bristles that are not harsh on teeth and gums at all. Some people even use such brushes to exfoliate their lips and face.


If you suffer from oral health issues (especially those who are old), extra soft toothbrushes might be right for you. Consult your dentist on the type of brushing technique you should employ and utilize the extra soft toothbrush correctly.



It may sound unlikely, but a soft toothbrush can clean your teeth the same way hard toothbrushes do. It is not about the bristles, but also the brushing technique you employ for clean teeth. As stated by their name, soft toothbrushes have mild bristles that require certain motions and strength applied so the teeth can be cleaned.


Studies have shown that soft toothbrushes showcase the same amount of cleanliness and result in less damage. They recommended users of soft toothbrushes to spend anywhere between 1.5 to 2.5 minutes brushing their teeth. It is also about making sure the back of the teeth is targeted. This way, results would be the same compared to hard toothbrushes.


If you have gum issues, you may want to opt for this type of toothbrush. However, there is a higher chance that your dentist recommends an extra soft toothbrush instead.



There is rarely a time a dentist will focus on hard toothbrushes. Their firm bristles can be disastrous to the enamel on your teeth and can also cause your gum line to recede. Interestingly, many people prefer using hard toothbrushes because they think it cleans their teeth faster and quicker than other types of brushes. Unfortunately, such people do not realize that hard toothbrushes weaken your teeth before you grow old, and they are generally not the best option.


Electric vs. Manual Toothbrushes

Another ongoing debate among people is whether they should use electric toothbrushes or manual ones. Manual toothbrushes are gentler on the teeth and can be ideal for children who still have milk teeth. Furthermore, manual toothbrushes from a young age prepare and teach a child how to brush correctly. They develop good hand dexterity with the use of such toothbrushes and understand the proper brushing techniques to employ.


Electric toothbrushes, on the other hand, are convenient since they require less hand movement. If you or your family member are old with problems in their wrist, fingers or hand, electric toothbrushes will enable you to maneuver over all your teeth. However, electric toothbrushes create a false sense of correct usage, so it is essential to use manual brushes once in a while as well.


If you have sensitive teeth, this guide should be helpful for you to determine the type of toothbrush to opt for. Always consult your dentist, even though they are highly likely to recommend extra soft toothbrushes for weak teeth and gums.

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