Know Your Tractors: What Are The Different Types?
Most of you might be wondering: what do I have to do with tractors of all things? Shouldn’t a farmer be more concerned?
You are partially correct. Farmers must know the use of different types of tractors, but you’ll also be surprised to know the significance of these heavy-duty machines in the life of common people like us. If it weren’t for tractors, we’ll be struggling to build our houses, lift heavy objects, dispose of waste, harvest crops, and even mow our lawns. Tractors are named after a Latin word “trahere” which means to pull.
Since their invention in the 1820s, tractors have been considered highly important in the industrial and agricultural sectors.
The earliest types of tractors used wood or coal-fired steam engines. This made them unsafe as pressure build-up in the boilers could result in an explosion. They were also equipped with leather drive belts, huge wheels, and a single axle for propulsion. Initial tractors replaced animals used in farmlands and maximized the productivity of agriculture by saving valuable time.
The tractors we see today with steering wheels and four wheels are the modern version of tractors that have been improved over the years. Modern tractors are well-built, sturdy, and costly. While the applications remain the same, tractors have become more efficient in the present age. Due to the variations in shapes and sizes, tractors have found various other uses as well.
Tractors can be categorized based on their attachments. Among the two common types of tractors, one has attachments build on them while the other has a separate accessory or component attached to them. To know more, let’s have a look at some common types of tractors.
Common Types of Tractors
As the name suggests, these are the tractors that are specially designed to move earth at construction sites. These are robust and built to last. Since lifting earth is no child’s play, earth-moving tractors are heavy-duty. These are manufactured it tire and track types.
Earth-moving tractors are an essential piece of machinery when constructing dams or quarries, and digging the ground. Heavy rocks, debris, dirt, and lumber are removed using these tractors.
This type of tractors is further divided into three major types. It would be a good idea to know the reason for buying one and the task you’ll be performing with it.
The first type is the famous bulldozers. Often known as crawlers, they are equipped with a huge plate in front which is mainly used to push the earth and debris and clear out the sites. The bulldozers have much wider tracks for enhanced stability.
The second type consists of excavators. These heavy tractors can bring down a whole building. Excavators are equally good at digging and lifting. The long bucket arm has a claw attached at one end and a cabin for the driver at the other. Cabin’s height and ability to rotate makes it convenient for the driver to have a look around.
The final type has the backhoe loaders. With shovels attached in front and buckets attached at the back, these are ideal tractors for digging holes, shoveling, and demolishing.
Garden tractors are complete opposites of the bulky types. Running on maximum 20 horsepower, these tractors are much smaller in size. Since they are used in gardens, they are mainly used to cut grass, create landscapes, and lay down flower beds or borders. The wheels on these types of tractors are similar to a scooter’s wheels but are relatively wider. This could be a useful machine for trimming large gardens.
You can find hundreds of different models in the market. An investment of $2000 to $4000 can get you a perfect garden tractor. We would recommend checking the dimensions of the garden, required product efficiency, and your budget before buying a garden tractor. This would help you buy the right tractor at the right price.
These are the most common type of tractors that can be seen. Since they are general-purpose tractors, they are used to carry out several tasks. These are affordable and have low to moderate quality engines. Their main task is to pull other equipment through the drive. They can be used to plow, break, trench, and move other things. These can also replace garden tractors if the garden requirements are a bit more complex.
Implement Carrier Tractors
These types of tractors carry various implements, hence the name implement carrier tractors. They have an extendable chassis frame installed between the four tires. You can equip these tractors with several implements like sprayers, drills, rotary sweepers, dusters, loaders, etc. They are available in a diverse range of designs to fit customer demands.
Industrial tractors are meant to lift and move things around. Also known as tuggers, these tractors are equipped with crane booms and have a drawbar in place of three-point linkages. They are used in factories where loads are meant to be lifted. Depending on the application, these tractors come in different designs and power settings.
Orchard Type Tractors
If you thought the same tractors would work on farms and orchards, you were wrong! Orchard type tractors are specially designed for orchards. One prominent feature of these tractors is their height. The driver’s seat is considerably high to allow them to pick fruit. You can collect any and every type of fruit and trim the trees to maintain your orchard.
The design considerations for these tractors include a narrow, slender body without anything sticking out on any side. The tires are also personalized. This helps the driver maneuver across the tightly packed rows of trees in orchards without worrying about any damage to the tractor or the trees.
Rotary tillers are manufactured in different sizes for different heights. These walking-type tractors are ideal to be used in smaller fields, over hills, and in limited spaces where it might not be feasible to use other equipment. The tillers can be equipped with blades to pulverize the soil and lay down seedbeds. Rotary tillers can transform hard, thick soil into fine, powdery soil. Just what we like!
The depth of the tiller can also be adjusted with the help of skid shoes. Once you have got the soil in the desired consistency and texture, the field is all set for seeds.
These were just a few of the many types of tractors. How many of them did you know of?